1 Chronicles 22:1
"Then David said, 'Here shall be the house of the LORD God and here the altar of burnt offering for Israel.'" 1 Chronicles 22:1
The events of chapter 21 lead to the selection of the site of Solomon's temple. "Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the LORD had appeared to David his father, at the place that David had appointed, on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite." (2 Chronicles 3:1)
The LORD allowed Satan to tempt David by taking a census of Israel. 2 Samuel 24:1 says "Again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, 'Go number Israel and Judah.'" We do not know the specific reason for the LORD's anger at the people, but He would use David's decision to require a census to punish the nation. Taking a census in itself was not wrong as on two previous occasions mentioned in Numbers 1 and 26 God had ordered a census. From Joab's report in verse five, David's primary interest is probably knowing the number of men ready for battle. It seems David had begun to think of the people as his rather than the LORD's. Since it was his army, he justified his desire to know their size and capability. Was David beginning to trust in the might of his military rather than the LORD? If so, Psalm 33:16-17 may result from this event, "The king is not saved by his great army; a warrior is not delivered by his great strength. The war horse is a false hope for salvation, and by its great might it cannot rescue." How often to I consider possessions mine instead of remembering I am just the Lord's steward of what He has given me?
Just as 1 Samuel 13:14 says, David is a man after God's own heart. Notice David's response in 1 Chronicles 21:7-13. When God struck Israel, David's immediate response was "I have sinned greatly...take away the iniquity...I have acted very foolishly." Regarding the decision between the three punishments, David displays a knowledge of both God and man. He would prefer to place himself and the nation in the hands of a disciplining LORD rather than in the hands of their enemy because he knew God's great mercy.
God, Himself chose the exact place to stop the devastation of Jerusalem. Based on God's instruction through Gad, David built an altar on the threshing floor of Ornan. Once again, we see David's heart by refusing Ornan's offer to give him everything necessary for the sacrifice. David acknowledged that true sacrifice must have a cost. He also knew the altar of burnt offering at Gibeon was the appropriate place for a sacrifice, but at God's command with the angel of the LORD standing between him and Gibeon, He built an altar as instructed in the exact place the LORD chose.
As mentioned earlier, Ornan's threshing floor was on Mount Moriah. There is one other mention of Moriah in Scripture. Needless to say, it is a significant place in the history of God's chosen people. In Genesis 22:2 God tested Abraham and said to him, "Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you." We know Abraham and Isaac were prepared to obey God's instruction on Mount Moriah when the LORD provided a substitute. In verse 14, Abraham called the name of the place, "The LORD will provide." To this day "On the mount of the LORD it shall be provided."
Sacrifice must have a cost. Years later just as God had chosen the place for the sacrifice of Isaac and the location for Solomon's temple, He chose the time, place and the sacrifice to be the propitiation for the sin of man. On the mount known as "The LORD will provide, " He provided Jesus, the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world, the Lamb who takes away the sin of the world.
Sovereign LORD, You alone can work all things together for good. Just as You chose the sin of David to select the exact place for Solomon's temple, You used the sin of Israel to provide Your perfect sacrifice. LORD Jesus, You are the costly sacrifice. The price You paid should have been mine.